Socio-Economic

City of Naga is located along the southern coast of the island of Cebu and approximately 21 kilometers away from Cebu City.  It has a total land area of 10,201.8383 hectares and registers a total population of 95,163 as of 2007.

The City has twenty eight (28) barangays, ten of which are located along coastal areas including the five districts of Poblacion with their corresponding land area, distance from the city hall and respective IRAs as folllows:

The City is bounded from the north by Barangay Tungha-an of Minglanilla, from the south by Barangay Pitalo of San Fernando, from the east by Bohol Strait and from the west by Barangay Cantabaco of Toledo City.

As a town, Naga was one of the oldest in the province of Cebu for it became a town on June 12, 1829.  Early settlers named the place as Naga, derived from the trees called Narra which grew abundantly in the area.  Once a peaceful fishing village and agricultural area, the then town was transformed into an industrial zone simply because of its rich mineral resources.

The Spaniards who discovered it began the coal mining in the mountain barangays which during those times, different Spanish galleons were seen anchored along its shore in order to transport coal to foreign countries.

Today, Naga boasts the numerous mining and industrial firms operating in the area hence, it is now called “The industrial hub in the south of the Province of Cebu.”

Based on the audited financial  reports, the  comparative  income  of  the then municipality from year 1998 to 2009 showed constant increase; and as of December 31, 2009         its actual annual consolidated income reached                      P 208,188,066.17 derived from Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) and local taxes.  Its yearly income manifests the robust growth of the city.

Naga’s agricultural areas are located in the North, West and Southernmost part of the City but with its mountainous terrain, it is not primarily considered an agricultural zone.  In order to sustain the standard of living of those low-income families residing in the mountain barangays, the city government untiringly introduces different programs and projects which elevate the economic situation of its constituents. Its local farm products include corn, root crops, vegetables, tobacco, bananas, seasonal crops and a variety of fruits.

At present, the Waterworks System of the City gets its source from deep well driven by electric pump thus, able to provide  the needed potable water supply to residential and commercial clients in Poblacion, Tangke, Langtad, Inoburan and Bairan area.  Other sources of water supply come from jetmatic pumps, dug wells, and rainwater catchment mostly installed in far-flung barangays.

 a.    Communication Services:

Telegraph services was quite a problem in the past, i.e. on how to send the telegram/s to the concerned addressee/s.  The communication problem was nevertheless solved when the telephone system in Naga was materialized in 1997. The local government unit installed the first telephone lines (through PLDT) thus, linking its constituency to neighboring municipalities, cities, throughout the country and the whole world. With the uprising technology, landlines, cellular phones and internet connections are some of the effective means of communication in the City.

In line with the aforementioned telecommunication services, the municipal government at that time was also              able to install a transmitter for handheld   radio set which is very essential in remote        points of the City. These handheld radios provide    immediate    connection    to    the  concerned government agencies and individuals / officials in times of disaster and emergency cases.  Moreover, GLOBELINES is now also a telecommunication provider in the City.

b.     Transportation:    

Naga’s transportation facilities are very much improving at present.  This is because of the availability of numerous public utility jeepneys (multicab) plying the route of Naga-Tabunok-Basak and Naga-San Fernando-Carcar and vice versa.  Other means of transportation are the Public Utility Jeepneys (PUJ) and air conditioned PUV (V-Hire) for city-bound passengers. Tricycles, trisikad, and for hire motorcycles (habal-habal) are also available to serve the passengers within the locality especially those going to/from mountain barangays.

c.     Postal Services:

Naga has four (4) postal services personnel, three of whom are letter carriers and one postmaster.  The coverage area of their postal services is limited to barangays which have passable road link for their service motorcycles.  Letters with addresses in far-flung areas are sent through their Barangay Captains or other Barangay Officials who frequently visit the city hall with the reason of manpower deficiency in the postal office. This is one public service in terms of postal delivery – the barangay officials at the helping hand of the post office personnel.

d.    Education:

Educational institutions in Naga are composed of Elementary and Secondary levels.  Public elementary education has three (3) separate districts with a total of more than 100 school buildings.

Secondary education has six (6) national high schools and one (1) private high school,  two (2) of which are located in the heart of the town, namely:  the Naga National High School and Siena School of Naga.  The other five (5) are located in barangays Tuyan, Langtad, Pangdan, Balirong and Uling.

e.    Trade and Industry:

There are more than 200 various business firms operating in Naga as of September, 2006 based on the business permits issued and is expected to increase in the current year due to the recent proliferation of new business companies.  Out of the large establishments, there are some which are situated in remote areas while the rest are located in low-land barangays, near the national highway and/or in the urban area.

Naga has five (5) public markets with the main Public Market found at the heart of the locality.  The tabo-tabo system is practiced in Barangays Uling and Langtad while the talipapa is accustomed in Barangays Tuyan and Inayagan.  While revenues are also collected from these small marketplaces yet, the bulk of tax collections is concentrated in the main Public Market which is considered as the commercial district of the City.

f.    Power Source:

The City of Naga obtains its power supply from NPC-powered Visayan Electric Company, Inc. (VECO).   Records       in  1989   showed  that   the  households  which  had  electrical     installations was 9,599 (81.7%).   At present,  most sitios in the twenty (28) barangays of the City have been provided with electricity.  This development was made possible through the Department of Energy’s (ER 1-94) Electrification Fund.   Some sitios which have no power supply yet are presently in the process for power supply links.

g.    Peace and Order & Fire Safety:

At present, City of Naga has a total police force of 25 personnel who serve the populace of 95,163.  From this 25, twenty three (23) are male officers and the remaining two (2) are women. To always boost peace and order in the City, these police officers are completely armed for them to immediately curb criminal cases and stop lawless elements / illegal activities in the locality.

Naga has also a Fire Department equipped with two (2) fire trucks and has nine (9) personnel led by the Fire Marshall.  As expected, they are ready to respond to any fire alarm not only in the city vicinity but also to its neighboring towns and cities.

h.   Social Services:

There is also an office in this local government unit which answers to the call of social needs.  The City Social Services and Development Office has various programs and services to offer to the townsfolk.  Among these programs extended by SWDO just to augment the economic status of the people are: self employment assistance program, practical skills development, protective services, parent effectiveness service, marriage counseling service, responsible parenthood service, community participation and social skills development and other social services.  Furthermore, the department also implemented programs on day care services and nutrition (supplemental feeding) most especially to the children at upland barangays as well as services for the disabled persons and the elderly.

i.    Health and Sanitation:

In addition to the social services for the disabled persons and the elderly, they are also given special attention with health services in two (2) city health units. The RHU building is situated near the Fire and Police Stations and also across the Naga Parish Church. Each health unit offers medical, dental and laboratory services to the people.

Moreover, with the recent launching of the “first SME Industrial Park in the country” at Barangay Cantao-an, the economic growth of the City of Naga is expected to boom in the days to come. Its constituents will enjoy more benefits primarily, employment.  The set-up of the SME Industrial Park will surely help in the realization of economic stability in the City.

To sum it up, City of Naga today has undergone a major facelift – - – from an ordinary town to an industrial city.  It has engraved a name for itself as “the industrial hub in the south of the Province of Cebu” •